What Causes High Blood Pressure? Heart diseases are among the major causes of death around the world, and people with high blood pressure are at higher risk of early death due to heart disease. Certainly, a normal blood pressure is vital to life: without the pressure that forces our blood to flow around the circulatory system, no nutrients or oxygen would be delivered through our arteries to the tissues and organs.
The hypertension is a main cardiovascular risk factor. This high blood pressure causes several health troubles and stiffening of the artery walls due to the permanent mechanical pressure exerted on them. What’s more, it expands the risk of developing of cardiovascular diseases. In fact, there are several causes of hypertension. We agree that the heredity is a clear reason, but we will mix and match the environment and lifestyle that will be conducive to more rapid rise in blood pressure with age.
♦ Primary Hypertension
Primary hypertension (also called essential hypertension) is a high blood pressure that doesn’t have a known secondary cause. The prevalence of essential hypertension has a tendency to increase bit by bit with age.
♦ Secondary Hypertension
Secondary hypertension (also called secondary high blood pressure) has an apparent cause. This hypertension is less common and is the result of another medical condition. For example, conditions that affect your kidneys, arteries, heart or endocrine system. Secondary high blood pressure can also occur during pregnancy.
Different conditions and medicines can prompt secondary hypertension, including:
- Cocaine and Amphetamines
- Chronic alcohol use
- kidney infections
- Eating too much salt
- A family history of high blood pressure or hormone problems
- Lack of exercise
- First-time pregnancy
- Medicines and drugs (for example, birth control pills)
- Stress and anxiety may increase blood pressure
- Unhealthy eating such as, red meat, foods and drinks high in sugar.
- Being overweight or obese: appropriate weight management brings down cholesterol and hypertension. Different risks brought on by being overweight are likewise diminished.
High blood pressure affects more men than women. The risk increases with age. From 60 years, two thirds of the population have a high blood pressure. People with diabetes, overweight, kidney disease and those consuming too much salt and alcohol are more at risk.