Headache: What It Is, Types, Causes, Home Remedies, Symptoms & Treatment

Headache: What It Is, Types, Causes, Home Remedies, Symptoms & Treatment. Headaches are a problem that almost all people experience for a while.

Factors that result in headaches could be:

emotional, like stress, depression, anxiety medications, cephalalgia, or high-pressure level physical, like Associate in Nursing injury environmental, like the weather.
Frequent or severe headaches will have an effect on a person’s quality of life. Knowing the way to acknowledge the kind of headache and its cause will facilitate someone taking appropriate action.


Some of the varied styles of headaches include:

Tension-type headache (TTH)

This is the foremost common variety of headaches, a poignant simple fraction of the final population. Tension-type headache was antecedently known as contraction headache. it’s related to the muscles of the neck, face, and jaw.

A 2020 study found that TTH is closely associated with stress.
A person with TTH could feel as if they need a good band around their head a constant, dull ache on each side of the top pain spreading to or from the neck Tension-type headaches could also be episodic or chronic. Episodic attacks typically last for a number of hours, although they’ll last for many days. once TTHs occur on fifteen or a lot of days Trusted supply per month for a minimum of three months, they’re thought-about chronic.


Migraine is the third most typical and therefore the seventh most disabling unwellness globally. supported a 2021 survey, it affects nearly 16%Trusted supply of the U.S. population. A cephalalgia headache could involve beating, throbbing pain. It typically happens on one facet of the top however could switch sides.

During the Associate in Nursing episode, someone may additionally experience:


sensory disturbances, like changes in vision, called Associate in the Nursing aura
sensitivity to lightweight or sound
nausea, probably with instinctive reflex
Migraine headaches area unit the second most common Trusted supply variety of primary headache once TTH. they’ll considerably impact the quality of life. A cephalalgia episode could last from 4–72 hours Trusted supply once untreated or unsuccessfully treated. The frequency of episodes will vary greatly, however many of us have 2 to four cephalalgia episodes in a very month.

Medication overuse headache (MOH)

Also called rebound headaches and medication-misuse headaches, this kind happens in those who take medications to treat their headaches too typically. People with primary headache disorders like cephalalgia typically develop medication overuse headaches. These will cause cephalalgia episodes to occur a lot of oft and become a lot of severe. Instead of assuaging symptoms, the medications cause headaches and increase their intensity and frequency. MOHs tend to result from taking opiate-based medications, like those that contain antitussive or opiate.

Beyond the headache, someone could experience:

neck pain
a feeling of nasal congestion
reduced sleep quality
The location, severity, and frequency of MOHs vary from person to person, however, they typically occur daily or nearly daily and area unit gift upon awakening. MOH will cause boring pain sort of a headache to a lot of severe pain just like a cephalalgia headache.


A headache will affect any part of the top, and pain could also be a gift in one or many locations. Headaches conjointly cause numerous styles of pain. Classifying the pain will facilitate a doctor reaching an identification. Doctors conjointly reason headaches supported whether or not an Associate in Nursing underlying health condition is chargeable for the pain

Primary headaches

A primary headache isn’t an indication of an Associate in Nursing underlying unwellness. Instead, these headaches result from issues involving the structures of the top and neck. A primary headache could also be thanks to the activity of issues in pain-sensitive structures within the head, including:

specific areas of the brain
blood vessels
brain chemicals
Common primary headache disorders embody cephalalgia, cluster, tension, and medication overuse headaches.

Secondary headaches

This form of headache may be a symptom of an Associate in Nursing underlying medical condition. The reason behind a secondary headache could be:

pregnancy systemic diseases, like those associated with Nursing infection hypothyroidism, stroke, and brain growth.

According to an editorial in Sensory Neurology, secondary headaches that occur throughout the gestation area are typically caused by underlying conditions like toxemia of pregnancy and posterior reversible brain disease syndrome (PRES).

Secondary headaches may end up from serious health problems. A 2019 study Trusted supply lists red flags that area unit thought-about life-threatening and need immediate attention: neurological symptoms like seizures, loss of consciousness, confusion fever thunderclap headaches
headache worsened by coughing, sneezing, or exercise being higher than fifty years previous
It is conjointly necessary for someone to hunt medical recommendation if their headache is severe or unquiet persistent occurs often does not improve with medication occurs aboard alternative symptoms, like confusion, fever, sensory changes, or unforeseen neck stiffening


Rest and pain relief medication area unit the most treatments for headaches.

Options include:

over-the-counter pain relief medications, like anti-inflammatory medication prescription pain relief medications
preventive medication for specific conditions, like cephalalgia other treatments for underlying conditions
It is crucial for someone to follow their doctor’s steerage to forestall medication overuse headaches. Treating medication overuse headaches involves reducing or stopping the medication. A doctor will facilitate develop an idea to ease off the medication safely. In extreme cases, someone may have a brief hospital keep to manage withdrawal safely and effectively.

Home remedies

Certain care methods will facilitate forestalling headaches or ease the pain. someone could try using a heat or ice pack against the top or neck, however, avoiding extreme temperatures, and ne’er applying ice onto the skin
avoiding stressors whenever attainable and mistreatment healthy brick methods for the inevitable stress
eating regular meals, taking care to take care of stable glucose levels getting enough sleep by following an everyday routine and keeping cool, dark, and quiet exercising often to spice up overall health and lower stress
limiting alcohol intake and drinking much water taking breaks once operating to stretch and stop eye strain

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