Haemorrhoids: Duration, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options are discussed. Haemorrhoids occur at the bottom most part of the rectum and anus whereby the veins swell and may sometimes bulge causing it difficult for one to poop. This condition may be external or internal causing irritation and bleeding at times. This article gives more information on the duration, symptoms, causes and treatment options of these swollen veins.
How long do haemorrhoids last?
♦ Duration of haemorrhoids symptoms
The symptoms last depending on the type and the extent to which the condition has developed. For small swelling both internal and external, it may take around one week to clear. For adverse condition whereby the swelling is large and has protruded through the anus, it may take up to two months to clear and give a sigh of relief to the patients. In the case where this swelling occur when one is pregnant, it can last all through the pregnancy period and clear after giving birth. It is estimated that for less severe condition, patients can get better in two weeks time.
♦ Causes of haemorrhoids
The swelling of the veins at the lower part of the rectum my be as a result of prolonged sitting or standing, poor diet, lack of exercise straining during bowel movement due to constipation and too much pressure during childbirth that would result to softened tissues. This condition is hereditary and may be passed on from parents to the children. Too much pressure on the lower part of the rectum may also cause the veins to swell; this pressure may be as a result of pregnancy or too much weight for obese people. The swelling can worsen when one vomits, coughs or sneezes as these adds pressure on the area.
♦ Symptoms of haemorrhoids
Small internal swelling may go unnoticed. However, most people experience irritation and bleeding during bowel movement. Additionally, a patient with severe swelling may have itching, pain, discomfort and burning around the anal area. Pink bump on the outside of the anus is an indication of external haemorrhoid.
♦ Treatment options of haemorrhoids
There are home remedies as well as others given by the doctor that can help reduce the symptoms and clear the swelling. Some of the home remedies include:
- Putting petroleum jelly in the anus for ease of bowel movement which results to reduced pain and prevents further swelling.
- Sitting on a warm bath for ten to fifteen minutes after pooping to stop swelling and bring a soothing effect that reduces pain.
- Intake of diet that is rich in fiber as it is good for softening the stool.
- Adequate intake of water at least eight glasses in a day.
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If symptoms are severe and will not clear even after trying out all home remedies, it is paramount to seek professional help. Some of the treatment that would be administered by a doctor include;
- Electric probe whereby the doctor can burn the external swelling with infrared light to remove unwanted tissues.
- Use of a rubber around the swollen tissues to stop blood flow and within a few days the tissue will dry up and fall off.
- Injection may be done on the internal swellings to cause a scar that will stop further growth and eventually clear up.
- Surgery can carried out to remove large haemorrhoids both internal and external.