DiseaseHealth

Bronchitis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Bronchitis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment! Bronchitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the lining found in the bronchial tubes that carry air to and from the lungs. Someone suffering from bronchitis often coughs producing thick mucus which is sometimes colored or discolored. There are two main types of bronchitis; acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis lastly for about three weeks and mostly follows after a common cold, flu or a sore throat. It can affect anybody but most common in children under the age of five. Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, lasts for about three months and at least two years continuously. Most people affected are adult above 40 years. I will take you through a quick overview of bronchitis to understand whether the disease is contagious.

 Understanding Bronchitis

 Causes

Bronchi walls are covered with mucus that traps any foreign materials from reaching the lungs. When bacteria or virus enter the bronchi, they cause irritation making them produce more mucus than normal times. Viral infection is more common than bacterial infection. Bronchitis viruses are found in the atmosphere in the form of tiny droplets that comes from sneezing or coughing of bronchitis infected person. When you breathes or touches these viruses, there is a likely hood that you will be infected with bronchitis and indication that bronchitis is a contagious disease.

Read more about Asthma allergy or both? You must know

The virus can survive up to 24 hours in the atmosphere or surfaces. Anyone touching such surfaces or breathing in air with such droplets can be infected. Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, is caused by breathing irritant substances such as tobacco smoke, chemicals in household products and smog. Tobacco smoke is, however, the main cause through smoking or second-hand tobacco smokes.

Occupational exposure can trigger bronchitis. Materials that can damage your lungs include chlorine, ammonia, strong acids, grain dust, and textiles, and they can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) as well as bronchitis. When bronchitis is cause by such factors, it is known as occupational bronchitis and can be eased by no longer working in such places.

 Bronchitis Symptoms

The major symptom is coughing that produces clear, yellow-grey or greenish mucus. The other symptoms are similar to those seen in a person with a common cold. Acute bronchitis lasts for a few days or weeks these are tiredness, headache, pains and aches, sore throat and blocked or running. If you are suffering from chronic bronchitis, you may experience wheezing and shortness of breath.

 Treatment of Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis lasts for a few days or weeks then it disappears. You will not even require treatment, but you are recommended to take a lot of fluids and to rest. In the case of a headache, fever, and pains, you can take paracetamol. If symptoms persist for more than three months, then, you have chronic bronchitis.

Similarly, chronic bronchitis does not have any cure, but lifestyle practices will help you manage the symptoms. You are recommended to avoid smoking or coming into contact with smoky environments. Eating healthy foods will go a long way in avoiding lung infection. Lastly, simple regular exercise such as jogging will help you remain healthy and avoiding overweight which makes breathing difficult.

Prescribed medication can be used to ease the symptoms. Most doctors will prescribe steroids or bronchodilators which come in the form of tablets or inhaler. These medicines open up the airwave making it easier for you to breath. Also, the doctor can recommend mucolytic medicines which help in making the mucus thin which helps in coughing up easily.

Doctors recommend that over-the-counter medication to ease a cough should not be given to children below the age of six. In fact, instead of over-the-counter medication, you are advised to make a concoction of honey and lemon.

 Bronchitis Prevention

As the most causes of acute bronchitis come from influenza virus, annual vaccination will play a big role helping you prevent the flu. Observing hygiene is also important in preventing bronchitis. Washing your hands frequently will ensure that you avoid coming into contact with the virus found in the atmosphere and on surfaces. Chronic bronchitis often results from cigarette smoke. Avoiding tobacco smoke will reduce the risk of bronchitis. Lastly, eating healthy food ensures that your body has a strong immune system to fight any infection.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button